Sablayan

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Officially the Municipality of Sablayan, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 83,169 people.

It has a total land area of 2,188.80 square kilometers, making it the largest municipality in the Philippines. The Apo Reef, North and South Pandan Islands, and a portion of Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park are part of its jurisdiction.

Sablayan is located in the central part of Occidental Mindoro. It is bounded to the north by the municipality of Santa Cruz and the municipalities of Baco, Naujan, Victoria and Socorro all in Oriental Mindoro province; to the east by the municipalities of Pinamalayan, Gloria, Bansud, Bongabong and Mansalayalso in Oriental Mindoro; to the south by the municipality of Calintaan; and to the west by the Mindoro Strait.

Sablayan is politically subdivided into 22 barangays. In 1957 the following barrios were renamed: Batasan to Claudio Salgado, Hinaya to Buhay na Bato (Batong Buhay) and Iriron to San Isidro.

 

Barangays

Sablayan is politically subdivided into 22 barangays. In 1957 the following barrios were renamed: Batasan to Claudio Salgado, Hinaya to Buhay na Bato (Batong Buhay) and Iriron to San Isidro.

  1. Batong Buhay
  2. Buenavista (town proper)
  3. Burgos
  4. Claudio Salgado
  5. General Emilio Aguinaldo
  6. Ibud
  7. Ilvita
  8. Ligaya
  9. Poblacion (Lumangbayan)
  10. Paetan
  11. Pag-Asa
  12. San Agustin
  13. San Francisco
  14. San Nicolas
  15. San Vicente
  16. Santa Lucia
  17. Santo Niño
  18. Tagumpay
  19. Victoria
  20. Lagnas
  21. Malisbong
  22. Tuban

Demographics

Population census of Sablayan
YearPop.±% p.a.
19183,078—    
19392,861−0.35%
19483,332+1.71%
196012,685+11.78%
197018,256+3.70%
197531,117+11.29%
198036,699+3.35%
199046,546+2.41%
199555,573+3.38%
200063,685+2.96%
200770,506+1.41%
201076,153+2.84%
201583,169+1.69%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

History

The town used to be called Dongon, a coastal village located currently at Brgy. San Nicolas. The first accounts of the baptism of the locals under the Recollects were recorded in 1670. By 1749, Dongon became the biggest pueblo in the whole island of Mindoro in terms of population.

In 1754, the Moro pirates started attacking the town, and almost every year thereafter, until in 1791 when the Moros effectively wiped out the whole population from more than 600 inhabitants to less than 98 souls.

In 1814, the inhabitants of Dongon gradually transferred to the village of Sablayan, until Dongon ceased to become a village in 1829. In 1832, the missionary friar Simeon Mendoza de la V. de Ibernalo requested the Spanish government for the exemption of the town's inhabitants from paying taxes so that they could build a stone church, convent and fort at a hilly part of the village. The church that stands today at the town may have been built from 1832-1835, and its advocacy was placed under San Sebastian.

 

CULTURE

Held once a year the Dugoy Festival is a celebration of the Mangyan culture.

Mt. Iglit-Baco National Park

The Mounts Iglit–Baco National Park is a protected area of the Philippinesand an ASEAN Heritage Park located in the island of Mindoro in central Philippines. The park covers an area of 75,445 hectares (186,430 acres) surrounding Mount Iglit and Mount Baco in the central interior of Mindoro. It was established in 1970 by virtue of Republic Act No. 6148. In 2003, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations listed it as one of its four heritage parks in the Philippines. The park has also been nominated in the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

 

Apo Reef Natural Park

Apo Reef is the second largest contiguous reef in the world, but it isn't just its size that made it as one of the world's best dive sites. Prepare to be awestruck with the reef's teeming marine life. You'll find yourself meeting schools of jacks, groupies, angel fishes, manta rays, giant Napoleon wrasses, sea turtles, and reef sharks among many others. Dolphin and whale sightings are also common in the area. The marine park covers a total of 27,469 hectares consisting of three islands: The Apo Island, Binangaan', and Cayos Del Bajo Tinangkapang. The largest and the most interesting to see is the 22-hectare Apo Island. Here, travelers may drift on a bamboo raft in the lagoon surrounded by a mangrove forest. Guests may also climb the 118-feet lighthouse for an exhilarating view of the reef. To get to the reserve, tourists are advised to coordinate with the Sablayan Municipal Tourism Office. A guide (P1, 000) and a boat with a sitting capacity of 10 people (P8, 000) will be provided by the department. All guests are required to bring their own meals, there are also no accommodations in the area so make sure to bring your own tents. The park allows no more than 100 visitors at a time to protect its biodiverse ecosystem and all tourists are limited to a 48-hour stay. Spending a day at Apo Reef may be costly. But if you've got the cash, it's well worth the money.

 

Parola Park Zipline

Ever wondered how Mindoro's blue waters look from a bird's eye view? At Parola Park, you can do just that with the longest island-to-island motorized zipline (P400/ride) ranging approximately of 5,500 feet, running over a 4-minute ride. As you coast down the vertical drop, don't be scared to look down the sea. Some areas are so clear you could see the ocean floor. The park offers back and forth rides, so don't worry about traveling back to the island. Visitors may also do rappelling and wall climbing activity.

 

GETTING THERE

Sablayan is located at the center of the Province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines.

There are many different ways to reach Sablayan.

BY AIR

The fastest way to reach Sablayan is by air. Daily 45 minute Manila-San Jose flight are serviced by Philippine Airlines , Sea Air & Cebu Pacific. Then a 2-3 hours land travel by bus or jeep will take you to Sablayan.

BY SEA

A more leisurable travel is by sea.

From MANILA to BATANGAS PIER by bus.

Daily route is serviced by boats leaving Batangas Pier via
· RO-RO, (2 hours cruise) to Abra de Ilog, then three hours land travel by bus to Sablayan.

*Private yacht and tour-operated boats from Manila, Batangas, Palawan or Puerto Galera could also be pre-arranged.

*From Visayas, daily 6-hour RO-RO boat trips from Libertad Antique to San Jose then land travel by bus to Sablayan.

* By private plane through our General Emilio Aguinaldo Airstrip, 10 kilometers from the town proper of Sablayan.

Dugoy Festival

The municipality of Sablayan in the province of Occidental Mindoro is quite exceptional for aside from being endowed with rich forested mountains and biodiversity such as endemic tree species, birds, and the endangerd tamaraw; lakes, falls, rivers, and caves; and productive coral reefs and agricultural lands, the whole municipality celebrates every January 18 the Dugoy Festival by virtue of the Sangguniang Bayan Special Ordinance No. 2002-02.

The event showcases the rich cultural heritage of the Indigenous Peoples, specifically that of the Mangyan People, through activities such as street dancing, exhibits, and cultural shows. The street dancing remains the highlight, as it is participated by at least 20 groups that brought together about 1,000 members and attracted thousands and thousands of spectators. The street dancing showcases the different ethno-cultural groups not just of the Mangyan People but also of those groups that came from almost all parts of the archipelago and subsequently have settled in Sablayan.

The festivals main concept is to promote and celebrate the Dugoy Spirit of camaraderie among peoples of different culture and the harmonious relationship with nature of the Sablayeños. The costume depends on the traditional costumes worn by the members of the ethno-cultural group represented. Through the years however, the organizers and participants shifted and added twists of modernity in the ways costumes are used to make the celebration more lively, vibrant, and colorful without losing the original intention of the revelry. Music used by the groups vary, some utilized recorded modern songs while most stick to the use of indigenous materials for musical instruments to produce familiar sounds of nature.

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