- History & Culture
- Top Attractions
- Planning a Trip
- Travel Resources
Officially the Municipality of Naujan, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Oriental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 102,998 people.
It assumed the status of a full-fledged municipality on January 4, 1905 under Act 1280. Its boundaries were permanently established in 1919.
It covers a land area of 50,310 hectares (124,300 acres), making it the largest municipality in the province and accounting for 12% of the province’s total land area. Naujan is 26 kilometers (16 mi) from Calapan.
Naujan is politically subdivided into 72 barangays.
|Andres Ilagan (Mag-asawang Tubig)||606|
|Malalim Na Sapa|
|Poblacion I (Barangay I)||801|
|Poblacion II (Barangay II)||687|
|Poblacion III (Barangay III)||917|
|San Agustin I||1,605|
|San Agustin II||1,655|
|Population census of Naujan|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
The town of Naujan was established in 1639 under a Royal decree issued by King Phillip of Spain. Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, traces of an earlier civilization existed, as evidenced by the unearthed artifacts of Chinese origin dating from the Sung, Yuan, and the Ming dynasties in barangays of Dao and San Jose. This reinforces the theory that the natives of Naujan were the Chinese during those early years. Its name according to legend, came from the word, “nauhaw”, or “went thirsty”.
Still, the Mangyans that are of malayan descent are known to be the first inhabitants and were just pushed to the interior mountanous area due to the arrival of Christian settlers. They currently reside in the reservation areas of Barangays Metolza, Caburo, Balite, Paitan, Magtibay and Banuton.
In the 17th century, a Recollect priest built a church in Barrio Bancuro with walls made of stone. This served as the house of worship and at the same time as a fort and a place of refuge against the Moro invaders. However in 1824, the Moros were able to conquer them and burned the fort.
In 1898, the Moro raids ceased and the settlement was transferred to Matandang Naujan commonly known as Lumangbayan along the seacoast. At that time, the rebellion against Spanish rule started to break out in Mindoro.
Naujan has its on share of revolutionaries. Francisco Manalaysay had his own insurrectionary forces against the Spaniards. Captain Valeriano Gasic was then the Presidente del Municipal of Naujan. He went underground when the Americans started to rule Mindoro and declared him “tulisan”. He was eventually captured and was sentenced to life imprisonment. This was later commuted to five years in exile in the island of Culion, Palawan where he died
The guerilla movement against the Japanese Occupation was headed by Esteban Beloncio, Felix Boquio and Gomersindo Dela Torre. During the Martial Law years, Father Ed Dela Torre was the prominent son of Naujan who actively fought the dictatorship.
On January 4, 1905, under Act 1280, Naujan was recognized as a full-pledged municipality while it boundaries were permanently established in 1919.
Arambyaw Falls is a series of waterfalls in between two limestone walls. The water comes from a crack on the wall of Mt. Halcon, cascades into four water basins, and flows out to a river. The upper water basins can only be reached by rock climbing. If you don't have rock climbing equipment, however, you may still view the series of waterfalls from the bamboo bridge crossing the two limestone walls. About three stories high, the bamboo bridge can be accessed through a steep trail for a five-minute trek behind the collapsing cottage. Crossing the bridge and trekking further up the mountain leads to a Mangyan village. Before reaching Arambyaw Falls, you would have to travel on a rocky and dusty road through a calamansi orchard, with views of the treacherous Mt. Halcon.
Naujan Lake, the fifth largest lake in the Philippines, is a sanctuary to Oriental Mindoro's rare fish species, and is a source of livelihood to fishermen in the surrounding towns, including Socorro, Victoria, Naujan, and Pola. Some of the catch harvested here are ayungin (silver perch), dalag (mudfish), bangus (milkfish), biya (goby), hito (catfish), managat (red snapper), tilapia, simbad, tarpa, paros, shrimps, and clams.
Also known as "Bancuro Church Ruins", Simbahang Bato is Naujan's oldest church. The church ruins are made of adobe and corals, and have pockets on the walls displaying Christian icons. The ruins were renovated in 2011, and now houses a native-designed church inside its walls. The original church was built in the 17th century by Augustinian friars. Prior this, the friars settled in Barangay Bancuro to convert the residents of Naujan into Christianity. Once built, the church served as a place of worship and a refuge from Moro invaders. In 1824, however, Moro pirates burned the church to rubble, after not finding the church's golden bell. Though the church had not been reconstructed since then, its appeal still remains through its elusive symbols, the quiet corals on the walls, and the adobe structure creeping with vines.
Planning a Trip
Pre-departure planning is important. Here are certain things you should watch for and plan for.
Check with the appropriate consulate or embassy in your country to find out if you will need a visa to visit the country of your destination, especially for an extended period of time. Some countries have extremely detailed and complicated entry/departure laws, and treat visits of a week or two very differently from longer stays.
If you’re traveling to one area, check the cost of living there. If it’s high you’ll probably want to budget more carefully and save some money before leaving. The lower the cost of living the less you’ll have to save, but be sure to have a back up reserve in emergency cases.
Talk to other people who have done a similar trip.
If you don’t know anyone personally, try any of the dozens of online travel web sites full of first-person travel stories covering every possible type of trip.
Plan big and loose. Read everything you can about the area.
There may be sights and attractions you didn’t know about. A rough outline of your trip might have three or four target points and a variety of ways to get between them.
You don’t want to find out that the weather isn’t what you thought, or the guide book was incorrect, after committing to 6 weeks in a specific spot.
Some trips will allow you more leeway than others. Travel plans in Asia can often be made day-by-day while summer travel in Europe should be organized at least a few weeks ahead, unless you’re prepared to hunt around for hotel rooms and train seats.
Set up a pre-trip time-line so you don’t end up with a full todo list your last week of work or school.
Things to consider are doctor’s visits for a check up, inoculations, and prescription refills; purchasing plane tickets; renewing passports and obtaining visas and other documents.
Check your insurance coverage abroad and purchasing additional travel insurance if needed. Don’t forget visiting friends and family members!
The longer the trip, the lighter you should pack. This might seem strange, but it’s true you can afford to lug a heavy bag around for a week or two, but do you want to have anything extra for a year?
Stick to the absolute basics and know what you can and cannot buy at your destination(s). There’s no point in bringing 6 months of toothpaste to Europe or buying a sarong at home to take to the tropics. If you are visiting several climates, try to arrange it so you visit the warmer places first and coldest last. That way you can purchase sweaters and long pants and not have to carry them any more than needed. Alternately, visit cold climates first and then ship unneeded layers home — or sell them off.
A good rule of thumb is to bring one outfit for the hottest day you’re likely to encounter, one for an average day, and one for the coldest.
Make sure everything goes with everything else (if that’s important to you), and remember that layers are always best.
Be prepared for uncomfortable trips. You will often find yourself in a busy, cramped, economy class environment and it could be for many hours – especially long plane trips.
If you want to arrive at your destination refreshed and able to enjoy the sights, then try a good quality travel pillow to support your head, some ear plugs to block out the screaming babies, and an eye cover to block out the sun or cabin lights.
Just avoid those cheap U-shaped pillows from airport shops – your head drops forward and you wake up with a stiff neck.
Make contact with the locals before you go.
Maybe you have a friend-of-a-friend or a foreign exchange student from high school you remember, or just found a friend through a travel web site; almost everyone is happy to welcome a foreign visitor to their home town. This might be as elaborate as a home-stay for a few weeks, or just coffee in their home town or dinner at a locals restaurant.
Dabalistihit Festival featurizes different fresh water species found in Naujan Lake thru props and costumes in a street dance. DaBaLisTiHit is an acronym meaning DA for dalag; BA for banak ; LIS for banglis ; TI for tilapia; and HIT for hito. For the constituents of Naujan, DaBaLISTiHit will also personify their struggle of recognizing of the importance of Naujan Lake. This will also dramatize the dignity of the fisherfolks and their role in the economic development of the municipality.
Travel planning is about more than just knowing where you're going. Prepares to navigate, take control and be ready for anything. This section helps you steer clear of disaster and stay open enjoy the unexpected.
- Banks– Open Monday to Friday 9am to 2pm. Some banks are closed for lunch.
- Emergencies– For police, dial a local phone number; for ambulance call a hospital.
- Internet Access– Wifi is standard in most hotels and free in many coffee shops.
- Mail– Buy stamps at the Post Office. Convenient post offices are located all cities. Most are open Monday to Friday 9am to 3pm.
- Safety– Pickpocketing can be a common problem. It is suggested for men to keep wallets in their front pocket. Purse snatching also occurs at times.
Getting in from the airport and other arrival locations. Travel planning is about more than just knowing where you’re going. Prepares to navigate, take control and be ready for anything. This section helps you steer clear of disaster and stay open enjoy the unexpected.
- Plane– Flights arrive at the main airport near city center. If flying from European cities, you might land at a connecting airport. There is a tourist information office at the Terminal E, international arrivals, open 8am to 6pm.
- Train– A train station is on the lower level of the airport. To get into the city, follow the marked signs.
- Taxi– From the airport there is a flat-rate for the 1-hour trip, depending on traffic. Hotels charge up to $80 for shuttle service.
- Train & Bus– Trains and buses arrive a city center. This is the transportation hub for the city and is surrounded hotels.
A perfect place for exploring on foot, with local shops around every corner. You will eventually walk somewhere, it’s just going to happen. If you don’t like crowds, uneven cobblestones, heavy traffic or narrow sidewalks, take a taxi or rent a scooter.