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Lubang, officially the Municipality of Lubang, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 18,803 people.
The municipality encompasses the north-western half of Lubang Island, as well as Cabra Island.
Lubang is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.
- Araw At Bituin (Poblacion)
- Bagong Sikat (Poblacion)
- Banaag Ng Pag-Asa (Poblacion)
- Likas Ng Silangan (Poblacion)
- Maguinhawa (Poblacion)
- Maligaya, formerly Bonbon
- Ninikat Ng Pag-Asa (Poblacion)
- Paraiso (Poblacion)
- Sorville, formerly Ambulong (Poblacion)
|Population census of Lubang|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
The islands were originally settled by an ethnic group from the Visayan. By 1900 the islands were inhabited by both Tagalog and Visayan people.
The Spanish built a fort on Lubang Island, the San Vicente Bastion, on the western point of the entrance to Tilik Port.
After World War II, Lubang Island was where Hiroo Onoda, a Japanese army intelligence officer, hid in the jungles when the Allies reclaimed the Philippines. He engaged in continuous, and sometimes deadly, guerrilla warfare against the United States and later against Philippine Commonwealth troops and paramilitary police. Despite flyers being dropped by airplanes in his hiding area, he adamantly believed that the war was not over yet. In March 1974, he was officially relieved of duty, 29 years after the end of the war, making him one of the last Japanese soldiers to surrender. An independent documentary titled Search For Onoda is currently in production. The documentary was shot on location around Vigo, Burol, Agkawayan and Looc.